Rules of Tajweed
What is tajweed?
It means to pronounce every letter correctly with all its qualities
Almighty Allah Says in the Holy Quran that::
“Recite the Holy Quran slowly and making the letters clear”
BEUTY OF HOLY QURAN
Saying of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) :
Beautify the Holy Quran with your voices, definitely beautiful voices enhance the beauty of the Holy Quran.
Etiquettes of the Holy Quran
To Make a Wadu/Perform ablution first because Allah loves those who clean themselves
To sit properly / with great respect
Not to talk or play while reading Lesson/Quran.
Before the Recitation of the Holy Quran it is necessary to say:
أَعـوذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّيْـطانِ الرَّجيـم
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ
Recognizing the dots
Pronunciation of letters
|Pronounce it softly/smoothly
|Pronounce it with thin voice/light
|Pronounce in normal voice
|Pronounce it with heavy sound/bold
|Pronounce it with bold/hard voice
|Pronounce it with a thin voice
|Pronounce it with quick sound/fast
|Pronounce it slow/without jerking sound
|Pronounce it with stress sound
|Pronounce it with bold sound
Similar sound letters
There are seven (7) Bold letters
these letters are pronounced with a heavy and strong voice
In the case of raa
(ر) Raa has 2 Options. It may be bold or light.
when (ر) Raa has zabbar and paish sigh so (ر) Raa will be bold
when (ر) Raa has zair sighn so (ر) Raa will become light
There are six (6) Throatel Letters
these letters are pronounced from three-level of throat
1 Bottom of the Throat: Haa’ ( هـ ), pronounced “hh” and Hamzah ( ء ),
2 middle of throat: Haa’ ( ح ), pronounced “hh“ and ‘Ayn ( ع ), pronounced ” ‘a “
3 top of the throat: Gyan ( غ ), pronounced “GH” and Gyan ( غ ), pronounced “gh”
Movement of letters
|تَ تِ تُ
TO TE TA
|بَ بِ بُ
BO BE BA
|اَ اِ اُ
O E A
|حَ حِ حُ
HO HE HA
|عَ عِ عُ
OO EE AA
|هً هِ هُ
HO HE HA
|قَ قِ قُ
QO QE QA
|خَ خِ خُ
KHO KHE KHA
|غَ غِ غُ
GHO GHE GHA
|شَ شِ شُ
SHO SHE SHA
|جَ جِ جُ
JO JE JA
|كَ كِ كُ
KO KE KA
|لَ لِ لُ
LO LE LA
|ضَ ضِ ضُ
DO DE DOA
|ىَ ىِ ىُ
YU YE YA
|طَ طِ طُ
TU TE TOA
|رَ رِ رُ
RO RE RA
|نَ نِ نُ
NU NE NA
|سَ سِ سُ
SO SE SA
|صَ صِ صُ
SO SE SA
|دَ دِ دُ
DO DE DA
|ذَ ذِ ذُ
ZO ZE ZA
|ظَ ظِ ظُ
ZO ZE ZUA
|زَ زِ زُ
ZO ZE ZA
|وَ وِ وُ
WO WE WA
|فَ فِ فُ
FO FE FA
|ثَ ثِ ثُ
SO SE SA
|مَ مِ مُ
MO ME MA
Fathah, Kasra, and Dammah are called Movements/Harkaat.
1: Fatah is on top of the letters,
2: Kasrah is under the letters,
3:Dammah is on top of the letters
Read them fast without stretching them.
- Another name for jazam is sukoon.
- A letter with a jazam is called Sakin like Baa with Jazam is called Ba Sakin.
- A letter which has a jazam will be joined with the letter which is before it.
double zabbar double zair and double pais are called tanveen
double zabbar sound is like (aan)
double zair sound is like (inn)
double zair sound is like (unn)
|بً بٍ بٌ
|اً اٍ اٌ
|bunn binn bann
|unn inn ann
|فاً فٍ فٌ
funn finn fann
|مًا مٍ مٌ
munn minn mann
|جًا جٍ جٌ
junn jinn jann
|كاً كٍ كٌ
kunn kinn kann
|يًا ىٍ ىٌ
yunn yinn yann
|هًا هٍ هٌ
hunn hinn hann
An alif like symbol written on top of a letter is called Standing Fataha
بٰ = بٰا
A standing Kasrah is stretched like a Yaa Maddah.
The Symbol like the ‘English comma’ written upside down, on top of a letter is called inverted Damah (UltaaPaish). it is stretched like a waowmaddah.
Madd means to stretch. The letter bearing madd is stretched while reading.
There are three Letters of Madd Waaw (و), Alif (ا) and Yaa (ی).
The Maddah Letters have to be prolonged for the duration of one Alif and the duration of one Alif is three seconds.
Whenever alif comes after fatha
Whenever wow sakin comes after dammah
Whenever yaa sakin comes after kasra
There are two (2) leen letters. wow leen and yaa leen.
- Waaw-e-Leen is WaawSakin which has a Zabar (Fatah) before it.
- WaawLeen is pronounced quickly in a soft tone.
Yaa-e-Leen is a YaaSakin which has a Zabar (Fatah) before it Yaa-e-Leen is pronounced fast in a soft tone.
- If an Alif has a Jazam or any Harkat it is called Hamzah.
- If Jazam is on wow or on any other letter jazam will be read an that letter will be silent.
- A Hamza on which there is a jazam will be pronounced abruptly/ quickly.
A letter with shadd is called Mushadad.
This letter is read twice with one movement of the tongue.
It is read by joining the first letter into the Second ,
Reading the first with a sukoon (jazam) and the second one with a harkat.
|اَبَّ = اَ + بّ + بَ
Retaining the sound of meen and noon mushadad for a little while in the nose
causing a ringing sound , called ghunnah
Example = ثُمَّ، اِنَّ
When any Qalkal Letter is sakin then such, MuteSakin Letter should be recited with repeated voice.
The Letters of Qalkalah are five.
A letter which is free from any Harkat is called a silent letter. This letter will be written but not read.
MEEM SAAKIN is the latter MEEM with a jazm, there are following 3 rules regarding MEEM SAAKIN.
If a MEEM appear after MEEM SAAKIN both MEEM will be incorporated and recited with Ghunna.
If after MEEM SAAKIN the latter Baa appears, The MEEM SAAKIN will be pronounced with IKHFA. This IKHFA of MEEM SAAKIN is known as IKHFA-E-SHAFAWEE.
After MEEM SAAKIN there appears any latter besides MEEM and BAA MEEM SAAKIN will be pronounced with IZHAAR. Without Ghunnah this MEEM SAAKIN is known as IZHAAR-E-SHAFWEE.